Fergana is one of the most ancient centres of civilization.
Thanks to the warm local climate, people started tolling
the land here as far back as 6-5 thousand years B.C. Ancient
Persians, as well as Greeks who conquered Central Asia
at the head of Alexander the Great, having seen the high
culture and blossoming gardens called this land "The Cradle
of Civilization" and "The Garden of Eden". In Persian
Fergana is called "PARYHONA", which means the city of
angels. Streets of the city are straight and wide, covered
with high plane trees. Thanks to the trees Fergana became
the greenest city in Central Asia. Fergana is a cultural
and administrative centre of Fergana region. There is
a State University, Polytechnical Institute, a Drama Theatre,
Philharmonic Society, cinemas, and other cultural objects.
The city continues to grow and improve new buildings,
housing developments, new parks and gardens. The Al-Fargoniy
Recreation park is one of the city's main attractions
with its nearly 2,000 trees, many of them of rare species
brought from different parts of the world. Whereas Fergana
is relatively young, the history of other cities in the
region goes back many centuries ago. At Fergana various
tourists routes round the entire Fergana Valley start,
to Kokand with its historical monuments, Rishtan - the
centre of ceramic manufactory, Margilan where one can
see the silks being handmade at home.
Transport hubs in the valley include Kokand, Ferghana
and Marghilan. Daily flights connect Tashkent to Ferghana,
buses travel to Kokand and trains to Marghilan.