STANTOURS Turkmenistan Adventure Trips
Central Asia
Turkmenistan Kazakhstan Uzbekistan Azerbaijan Kyrgyzstan

Tour Styles
Culture & Adventure
Overland & Train
Ethno, Arts & Crafts
Eco & Trekking
Extreme & Expedition
Guided Tour to the Main Attractions
Ahal Attractions
Balkan Attractions
Dashogus Attractions
Lebap Attractions
Mary Attractions
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Transportation

Air Rail Boat (Baku - Turkmenbashi Ferry) Road

Air

International carriers flying into Ashgabat include Lufthansa and Turkish airlines who fly 3 and 5 times a week respectively, reaching Ashgabat late at night, with Lufthansa stopping over in Baku, (Azerbaijan). The Turkish airlines flight is usually more competitive, but reaches & leaves Ashgabat more inconvenient hours.

Turkmenistan airlines fly to London, Frankfurt and Istanbul at slightly more competitive rates. Further there are daily connections to Moscow and one or two flights to the other central Asian capitals and Kiev.

Local flights are reasonable and have a good safety record on their frequent scheduled flights between Ashgabat and Turkmenistan's regional centres. Since 2002 the flights from Ashgabat to Dashogus and Turkmenabat are mainly operated by Boeing 717's. Please note that the baggage allowance on the small planes (currently all AN-24 propeller planes) is only 10 kg with strict limits on the size of luggage and there is also an occasional hand luggage limitation of 5 kg. Advance arrangements should be taken if you happen to carry outsize baggage on smaller planes or you should pick the flights with larger planes (B 717).

STANTOURS can handle your air-ticketing against a small fee. Check out our airline links for schedules of the international airlines or continue to our Turkmenistan Airlines International and Domestic Flight Schedules.

We highly recommend to pre-arrange all Turkmenistan tickets through us in particular since domestic tickets are usually officially sold out as early as one month before departure.

Rail

Only international trains bound for Dushanbe continue crossing the Uzbek-Turkmen periphery of between Turkmenabat (Chardjou) and Dashogus (Tashauz). No Turkmen Transit visas are required for travellers with through ticketing.

The local Transcaspian railway crosses the entire south of Turkmenistan from the Caspian to Turkmenabat (Chardjou) where you should be able to connect to Tashkent. Despite the opening of the Sarags railway crossing into Northern Iran, potentially linking Central Asia with Istanbul, no passenger through service is available as yet and one has to cross the Iranian border by taxi or bus. The railway network runs fairly well and most trains have reasonable standards.

Please contact us for updated Railway or Turkmenistan Airline schedules. Please note note that time-tables are sporadic and sometimes simply incorrect and should be re-consulted 1-2 weeks before departure.

Boat / Baku - Turkmenbashi Ferry

Turkmenistan can be accessed by boat across the Caspian year-round on the daily car & railway ferry between Baku and Turkmenbashi (Krasnovodsk). Unfortunately the Azeri-run ferry has no regular schedule and arrivals and departures have to be planned with one or two spare days. Tickets are in the regions of 50-100 USD.

Further there is a weekly Russian ferry to Astrakhan, in the Volga region, also with a rather vague schedule.

There used to be river-boats between the south-eastern city of Atamyrat (Kerki) and Turkmenabat (Chardjou), but these have been suspended with the opening of the local railway covering this end of the country. In connection with a guide booking STANTOURS can handle your Azeri-bound ferry-ticketing against a small fee.

Road

Most International Bus services have been suspended; officially there still remains a twice daily bus-service between Ashgabat and Mashad, but there are no ticket offices or reliable schedule. Nevertheless - Shared Taxis and Minibuses are reasonable to / from and in-between all borders, with services usually starting at the nearest corresponding railway or bus-station. Frequent urban and domestic Bus and Minibus services run reasonably well and are cheap, nevertheless - again - there are only few scheduled departures.

Private vehicle
- Hefty fees and long lasting procedures are applicable for entry by private vehicles into Turkmenistan which depending on the routing and vehicle vary from 70 to 250 USD. Please read our important notes regarding Transportation department charges & issues in the Visa section.

Other than that, with the exception of the infamous Darvaza - Kunya Urgench road, the highways are reasonably well maintained by Central Asian standards, but most international road maps have to be taken with a pinch of salt. Nevertheless, with its border with Iran, Turkmenistan is Central Asia's transport hub with good roads all the way through to the Persian Gulf and Europe.

STANTOURS can provide you cars with drviers throughout your trip to Turkmenistan at the following rate. Unfortunately no cars for hire (without driver) are yet available.

Item Approximate distance km Road time hrs (minimum) Car 2-3 pax Mini-van 4-6 pax
non a/c a/c non a/c a/c
Flat charge per day   12 60 80 80 100
Border transfers to / from Ashgabat
Iran  
Gaudan 44 1 30 40 50 n/a
Serahs 320 5 60 80 80 100
Azerbaidjan / Russia ferry
Turkmenbashy (Krasnovodsk) 600 8 100 160 160 200
Uzbekistan
Dashogus (Tashauz) 600 10 75 120 120 150
Khodzhely / Nukus 520 9 75 120 120 150
Farab / Turkmenabat (Chardjou) 620 8 75 120 120 150
Afghanistan
Serhetabat (Kushka) 520 10 100 160 160 200
Through transportation to / from Ashgabat
Buhara 720 14 125 170 170 200
Khiva 690 15 105 150 150 180
Mashad 300 5 100 110 130 n/a
Main Turkmenistan destinations return drives
Ashgabat region
Airport Transfer 5 20-30 mins 15 20 15 20
Anau 12 2-3 hours 25 40 40 50
Chuli Valley 45 1/2 day 40 60 60 80
Geok-Depe Mosque 45 1/2 day 40 60 60 80
Bakhrden Underground Lake 100 1/2 day 40 60 60 80
Mary / Merv
Ashgabat - Mary 350 2 days 100 160 160 200
Mary- Gonur-Depe (Margush / Margiana) 80 8 hours 60 100 n/a n/a
Kunya Urgench / Dashogus .
Ashgabat - Kunya-Urgench 460 2 days 100 160 160 200
Ashgabat - Darvaza (Central Karakum) 250 1 1/2 days 75 120 120 150
© 2001-2010 STANtours last modified November 12, 2002